Between 2011 and 2016, Nunavut had the highest population growth rate of any Canadian province … Canada's total population enumerated by the 2006 census was 31,612,897. [37] The British government rejected that recommendation and instead implemented sectional equality, apparently to give the English-speaking population of the new province a dominant voice in the provincial government. Provinces are governed based on the Constitution Act of 1867, while the three territories of Canada are granted their powers through the Parliament of Canada. However, their combined demographic weight decreased from over 80% at Confederation to just over 60% in 2016. Quebec accounts for 24% of Canada's total population. [11], Population growth in the Northwest Territories, and then the Western Provinces, picked up when the Canadian government passed the Dominion Lands Act in 1872 to encourage the settlement of the Canadian Prairies, and to help prevent the area from being claimed by the United States. In fact, you might be able to guess the capital of Quebec, but you should probably study for this quiz to get the capital of Prince Edward Island or Saskatchewan. After peaking in 1891, Prince Edward Island's population started to decline every year until 1941, after which the province started growing again. The territories (the Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Yukon) account for over a third of Canada's area but are home to only 0.3% of its population, which skews the national population density value. [10] This period of high French-Canadian population growth is nicknamed La Revanche des berceaux. The population is growing at a steady pace and, based on current projections will surpass 50 million by 2070. Any male farmer who was at least 21 years of age and agreed to cultivate at least 40 acres (16 ha) of the land and build a permanent dwelling on it (within three years) qualified. The province has a population density of 6 people per square kilometer, or 15 people per square mile. Quebec is a province that also has a sizable population with over 8.4 million residents. [40], Quebec had managed to maintain a stable demographic weight within to Canada during the first half of the 20th century due to its high birth rate. Canada: Agglomerations Provinces and Territories. 1 million to 5 million. [4] The first national census of the country was taken in 1871, and it covered the four provinces which were part of Canada at the time. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole official language.Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital.Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area and the Island of … Its four largest provinces by area (Quebec, Ontario, British Columbia and Alberta) are also (with Quebec and Ontario switched in order) its most populous; together they account for 86% of the country's population. The number of new immigrants increases every year.[16]. Careless, James Maurice Stockford. Canada Urban Population Currently, 81.2 % of the population of Canada is urban (30,376,281 people in 2019) Quebec Province Population 2019 –8. The 2016 census estimated the population at 35 million representing a 4.9% increase from 2011. The province has a population density of 8 people per square kilometer, or 15 per square mile. This compares to the population of 7.9 million at the 2011 census. However, their growth was slow in the late 19th century because there were few economic opportunities. The French population would therefore be under-represented from the start. The largest city in Ontario is Toronto, which is also the capital of the province. Québec (Province, Agglomerations, Canada) with population statistics, charts, map and location. Newfoundland and Labrador have a combined population of 536,000, which makes it the 9th most populous province in Canada. The province’s capital is Edmonton. Quebec, eastern province of Canada. However, many Canadians … The population growth rate of Nunavut has been well above the Canadian average for several decades, mostly due to birth rates significantly higher than the Canadian average—a trend that continues. [1] Except for New Brunswick, all territories and provinces increased in population from 2011 to 2016. The provinces are considered sovereign because of how responsibilities are divided between the federal and provincial governments based on the Constitution Act. Canadian Economic Dashboard and COVID-19 View selected data relevant for monitoring the impacts of COVID-19 on economic activity in Canada. Persons self-identifying with 'English' as their primary ethnic origin as part of the 2001 census - Quebec included - totaled slightly less than 6,000,000 persons. The demographic weight of each province in Canada has always constituted a sensitive issue. [12] The act gave a claimant 160 acres (65 ha) for free, the only cost to the farmer being a $10 administration fee. This fact fuelled demands in Canada West for the end of sectional equality and the move toward allocating seats in the legislation on the basis of population, nicknamed "rep by pop". Canada is divided into ten provinces and three territories. Canada's population clock (real-time model) This population clock models, in real time, changes to the size of the Canadian population and the provinces and territories.. The population of the Canadian provinces and territories according to official estimates. Canada's population grew by 5.0% between the 2006 and 2011 censuses. … [5] It recorded a population of 1,620,851 in Ontario, 1,191,516 in Quebec, 387,800 in Nova Scotia and 285,594 in New Brunswick [6] The population of each of these provinces continued to grow every year uninterrupted. Cities in Alberta New Brunswick's population decreased by 0.5% between 2011 and 2016. On the ten provinces, Ontario is the largest, boasting a population of over 14 million people. The essentially meant that either Ontario or Quebec had to agree to any constitutional amendments that affect all provinces. The population of the provinces other than Quebec in the 2001 Census is some 22,514,455. As its name implies, PEI is an island, originally called Abegweit by the indigenous Mi’kmaq people. [7], This phenomenon hit Quebec especially hard. Toronto has a population closing in on 3 million as of 2019. The number of total cases of COVID-19 in Canada was 1,471 as of . The Atlantic provinces also lost importance within Canada, from around 20% at Confederation to under 7% today. Part of the traditional lands of the Mi'kmaq, it was colonized by the British in the 1700s.It was federated into Canada as a province in 1873. Prince Edward Island (PEI) is a province of Canada and one of the three Maritime provinces.It is the smallest province of Canada in both land area and population, but the most densely populated. The demographic importance of the West steadily grew over time, while the importance of Atlantic Canada steadily slipped. This statistic shows the estimated population growth in Canada's provinces and territories from 2011 to 2017. Under the Charlottetown Accord, in exchange for Quebec losing Senate seats under a Triple-E Senate (dropping from 24 to 6), Quebec was guaranteed never to be allotted less than 25% of the seats in the House of Commons. "Province of Canada (1841-67)". [41] Quebec wanted to make it up through immigration, and for this purpose created its Ministry of Immigration in 1968, and negotiated for increased powers in this field with the federal government. However, some provinces experienced long periods of stagnation or population decline. The population in 2013 was 526,702 with an estimated count of 536,183 for 2014. Constituting nearly one-sixth of Canada’s total land area, Quebec is the largest of Canada’s 10 provinces in area and is second only to Ontario in population. Canada’s current population is 37.74 million people. Quebec is the second most populated province in Canada with population around 8.5 million people. As of 2016, Ontario had the highest population of the provinces and territories in Canada at 13.98 million residents . Canada is divided into ten provinces and three territories. Alberta is the 4th most populous province of Canada and the most populous of the prairie provinces. The provinces and territories of Canada are sub-national divisions within the geographical areas of Canada under the jurisdiction of the Canadian Constitution. In Saskatchewan, after a rapid population explosion at the beginning of the century that propelled the province to being the 3rd largest in the country, its population declined during the Great Depression, and its growth had been slow ever since. Alberta has an extremely strong economy, driven primarily by oil, natural gas, forestry, and tourism. Generally, provinces steadily grew in population along with Canada. In 1840, the Durham Report recommended that Upper (now Ontario) and Lower Canada (now Quebec) be united into one province. [13], Early counts of Northwest Territories' population tend to exclude the indigenous inhabitants of the territory. Click the play button to animate the map. Prince Edward Island is the smallest with a population of over 150,000. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. Each province is represented by a lieutenant governor, a ceremonial position for the Crown that does not have any actual political power. Ontario is the most populous province in On the ten provinces, Ontario is the largest, boasting a population of over 14 million people. The population is growing at a steady pace and, based on current projections will surpass 50 million by 2070. Country comparison Canada vs United States Population 2020 Country comparison, you can compare any two countries and see the data side by side. In terms of percent change, the fastest-growing province or territory was Nunavut with an increase of 12.7% between 2011 and 2016, followed by Alberta with 11.6% growth. Canada: Province Capitals - Map Quiz Game: Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver are Canada’s three largest cities and are rated as some of the nicest places to live in the world, but only Toronto is also a provincial capital. [6][39], The issue of the demographic weight of each provinces came up during the negotiations for the Patriation of the Constitution, and especially discussions around the amending formula of the constitution. Its major metropolis, Montreal, is … Canada's population has increased every year since Confederation in 1867: see List of population of Canada by year, Current provinces and territories population growth rate are based on the Statistics Canada 2016 Census of Population. Contents: Subdivision. Canadian Statistical Geospatial Explorer Hub Discover Statistics Canada's geo-enabled data, including indicators related to COVID-19, in this interactive map. Canada conducts a population census every five years. A significant part of the minorities in over here live close to Montreal. It has a population of around 4,068,000. Play Download data in .csv format. Home → America → Canada. <100 thousand. Alberta (/ æ l ˈ b ɜːr t ə /) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. Quebec has an estimated population of 8.18 million, which makes it the second-most populous province in Canada. With an estimated population of 4,067,175 people as of the 2016 census, it is Canada's fourth most populous province and the most populous of Canada's three prairie provinces.Alberta's area is approximately 660,000 square kilometres (250,000 sq mi). 1 : population by districts and settlements :: NL Books - Reference Sources, Directories, Etc", "Population urban and rural, by province and territory - Newfoundland and Labrador", "Population urban and rural, by province and territory - Northwest Territories", "Population urban and rural, by province and territory - Yukon", "Population urban and rural, by province and territory - Nunavut", "Patriation of the Constitution | The Canadian Encyclopedia", "Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity Highlight Tables", "Il y a 50 ans, le Québec se dotait d'un ministère de l'Immigration", "Charlottetown Accord | The Canadian Encyclopedia", Former colonies and territories in Canada, Proposed provinces and territories of Canada,, Lists of provinces and territories of Canada, Demographics of Canada by province or territory, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 23:38. [6] The territory's population drops at the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries are due to its reduction in size, as Yukon, then Saskatchewan and Alberta were carved out of its territory, and the same with Nunavut a century later. The Most Populous Canadian Provinces Ontario. The majority of Canada's population is concentrated in the areas close to the Canada–US border. [44], Quebec also attempted to maintain its weight within the Canadian House of Commons during the constitutional negotiations of the early 1990s. Voici une liste de la population des provinces et territoires canadiens par pourcentage d'augmentation , basé sur les données de Statistics Canada du 31 décembre , 2014 [ 1 ] . The West's importance, however, has only increased, from insignificant levels in 1871 to over 30% of the country in 2016. Manitoba is one of the three Prairie Provinces located in Canada. Here you have the comparison between Canada … Archive Population of Manitoba 2019 Manisha Bharle November 1, 2018 0 . This is a lower rate when contrasted with British Columbia and Manitoba. Yet giving each province equal representation had an unforeseen … Canada is divided into ten provinces and three territories.The majority of Canada's population is concentrated in the areas close to the Canada–US border.Its four largest provinces by area (Quebec, Ontario, British Columbia and Alberta) are also (with Quebec and Ontario switched in order) its most populous; together they account for 86% of the country's population. In the 1867 Canadian Confederation, three provinces of British North America—New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and the Province of Canada —were united to form a federated colony, becoming a sovereign nation in the next century. This corresponds to the official language minority population of a province, as established by Statistics Canada as Method 1 presented in Statistics Canada's original official publication titled Population Estimates by First Official Language Spoken, September 1989. The majority of Canada's population is concentrated in the areas close to the Canada–US border. The Accord was ultimately defeated in a public referendum. Alberta has an estimated population of 4.08 million, up from 3.645 million in 2011. Of the 10 provinces, just three have populations that fall under 1 million. The area of Newfoundland is an island vaguely triangular in shape, with an area of 108,860 square kilometers. [42] In response, a Canada–Québec Accord was concluded in 1991 which, among other things, guaranteed Quebec an immigration rate proportional to its demographic weight in Canada. However, their importance began to slip as their birth rate started to fall in the 1960s. The province is the birthplace of Canada’s Confederation in 1867, though it did not become a province itself until 1873. In the first half of the 20th century, the most populous western province was Saskatchewan, but its population was later eclipsed by Alberta and British Columbia. [8][9] However, Quebec's population losses to emigration during this period were largely offset by its natural population growth. However, the 1851 census revealed that Canada West's population had surpassed Canada East's. However, new immigrants to Canada disproportionally go the Ontario, British Columbia and Alberta, fuelling their rise in demographic weight. Approximately 900,000 Quebec residents (French Canadian for the great majority) left for the United States between 1840 and 1930. [13] The population of the Canadian prairies grew rapidly in the last decade of the 19th century, and the population of Saskatchewan quintupled from 91,000 in 1901 to 492,000 to 1911. Canadian COVID-19 deaths as of December 17, 2020, by province or territory New reported Canadian COVID-19 cases from January 15 to October 20, 2020 Number of … It is home to second most populated city in Canada, Montreal. The Province of Canada (or the United Province of Canada or the United Canadas) was a British colony in North America from 1841 to 1867. The nation of Canada is divided into ten different provinces, the sub-national governments within the geographic areas of the nation. Its formation reflected recommendations made by John Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham, in the Report on the Affairs of British North America following the Rebellions of 1837–1838.. 52052 Million (estimated). Each province is represented by a lieutenant governor, a ceremonial position for the Crown that does not have any actual political power. The final formula stipulates that minor changes to the constitution had to be approved by the Parliament of Canada and the Legislature of 7 provinces representing at least 50% of the Canadian population. Agglomerations (Canada): Provinces and Territories, Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations with population statistics, charts and maps. After the collapse of the Canadian birth rate, most provinces now sustain their population with immigration from the developing world. Hover over provinces and territories to see total cases, recovered cases, number of individuals tested or deaths in Canada over time. Ontario and Quebec were always the two biggest provinces in Canada, with over 60% of the population at any given time. The smallest by area is also Prince Edward Island, followed by Nova Scotia. 500 thousand to 1 million. La Vallée-du-Richelieu (Regional Municipality, Canada) with population statistics, charts, map and location. [38], Since Confederation, Ontario and Quebec were always Canada's two most populous provinces. Median age First Nations and non-Aboriginal populations in Canada 2011, by province Canada - resident population, by gender 2014-2063 Canada - resident population, by gender and province 2020 Legend: >10 million. The Canadian Encyclopedia, 27 September 2019, ... (480,000) was considerably smaller than the overall population of Canada East (670,000), of whom about 510,000 were French Canadians. This was a hotly contested issues at the constitutional conferences leading up to confederation, and the colonies reached a comprise in which the seats in the federal lower house (House of commons) would be allocated by population, and the seats in the federal upper house (Senate) would be allocated on the basis of three defined regions – Ontario, Quebec and the Maritimes – that would each have 24 seats. [43] This provinsion was not fulfilled, as in 2005, immigration to Quebec represented only 16.5% of all immigration to Canada. Major cities found in Quebec include Montreal, which is the second largest city in the nation, and Quebec City, the capital of Quebec. The newly created Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada was required to have equal representation from Canada East (now Quebec) and Canada West (now Ontario),[35] even though the population of Canada East was considerably larger.